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Tinwald workshop weathering - Weathering - Getting You Started. - Your Model Railway Club
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 Posted: Fri Sep 27th, 2019 07:53 am
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Phat Controller
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Hi guys, I've been asked to show a step by step tutorial, on how I weather my rolling stock and loco's.
So I've taken a few snaps, as I weathered a wagon I recently purchased.

here goes nothing .......................

I received a parcel in the mail this morning, and opened it with great gusto.............  


Then I was reminded about how I weather my rolling stock, and I thought I'd share with you all my technique. Now, I do have an airbrush and compressor, but they are currently gathering dust, on a shelf under my bench. I just find my way of weathering a lot quicker, and tactile (as you will see soon).

Out of all that lot that arrived, I picked this OBA wagon to weather first, as it will be a simple job that will take about 5 mins.


I use acrylic paints bought from the $2.00 store, where they have a rather good selection of colours. They also have the paint brushes I use (looks like it's time I should buy some more by the looks of my rather used one :lol:). The colour I have chosen for my first application of "grime" is Raw Umber, I rather like the darkness of it, as it screams DIRT to me! You can use any shade you like, but this is my "go to" colour. I squirt about a teaspoon full into a small plastic takeaway container (that had gravy in it - washed out obviously!) and add about the same amount of water to make a sloppy mixture of dark brown.


Now you'll need a couple of things at the ready, in case of mistakes, and to help you clean up the inevitable mess. So get yourself some serviettes, or a roll of paper towels. They are great for soaking up accidental spills, cleaning your brush, "unloading" your brush (taking off excess paint from the brush), ohhhh and blowing your nose, should you need too  ;-) . Also keep some cotton buds handy, they are great for getting paint out of confined spaces where your fingers can't reach. 


Right so now I'm ready to start painting. I use a stiff (but not hard) brush to "stipple" the Raw Umber onto a clean and dry wagon. Before you start painting, I dip the brush in so it has a good amount of paint on it, then I use the inside of the lid as a palatte. This will give you a bit of extra paint to use instead of dipping your brush into the main container again. Now, use a serviette/paper towel to "unload" it by stippling the brush 2 or 3 times.(see pic above) This makes sure your not putting too much paint on the surface of the wagon, you can always load your brush from the lid, should you need more paint (and it's likely you will). So coat your wagon with the "stipple" motion all over it, making sure you are wary of delicate parts, but also ensuring you get into all the nooks and crannies, the under carriage & axle boxes and INSIDE as well. It should look something like this:-




It all looks rather messy and I can heard a few anxious gasps. I was rather anxious too at first, but the beauty of acrylic paints is they wash off in water! So if you decide not to proceed just find an old toothbrush (or your flatmates) and scrub it all off! 
OK let the coat dry (only takes a minute or so) then using your fingers (or in this case my thumb) and rub off the paint. This is the tactile part, and rather enjoyable too as you will reveal a nicely weathered wagon with dirt in all the right places



OK, so now you should have something looking like this, (see below) if you haven't taken enough off, keep rubbing until it's to you liking (I moisten my thumb/finger and wipe more off if its too thick) OR if you took too much off, you can re-apply more paint, wait for it to dry, then use your thumb again. But wait!! we haven't done the inside yet! No wagon is THAT clean inside!




I'm going to use a black inside the wagon, which will sit with the Raw Umber nicely. The effect I want is a grubby "worked" wagon, its had all manner of machinery, rubble and detritus inside it. I have some Lamp Black for this. Again purchased from the $2.00 store for ($2.99 :lol:)


This is where it gets interesting. Apply the black liberally, with a small, finer brush into the corners of the wagon. Place a few random streaks in the middle of the floor just for good measure. I know it doesn't look nice right now, but trust me, once we do the finger and thumb thing, it will look just right! Now we wave our fingers inside the wagon, rubbing away the excess paint (using the moistened thumb to take more off if needed) until you get the effect that you're happy with....


Presto!! Instant weathered wagon!! it should look like this ........... (see below)



You can stop at this stage, as it looks fine the way it is! (pictured on my layout) I, however, take it a step further, since I discovered weathering powders, aka chalk pastels.


Now if you should wish, there are these great things called weathering powders, they are available online and they work very well adding a softness and some "reality" of dust and rail borne grime. They are not cheap (as you will probably need about 5 or 6 jars of one colour or another) so I discovered a cheaper version of the powders by "doing it yourself". So read on to find out how to prepare your own weathering powders.

At "Ye Olde $2.00 Shoppe" find some soft pastels. Make sure they are the chalky ones and NOT the waxy ones!!They should have a pack with several colours. 


At the same shop (or shopping centre) buy yourself a cheap coffee grinder (if you don't already have one) ]


Once you've got all this home,select a coloured chalk stick, break it into small pieces (2 or 3 should be adequate) then grind them into a powder (shake the grinder up and down, whilst its grinding, to make sure it blends it all nicely)


On a table, empty the grinder onto an A4 piece of paper, fold in half to make a sort of U shape, and funnel the ground up powder into a small container. I have used some small vinegerette containers, from Greek salads I've consumed over the months, they have another use after all! You should have something like this.........



OK you'll have to wash out your grinder, and wait for it to dry properly (or the next lot of powders will turn into paste).
It will take time but it's worth it. Do as many colours as you like, and make sure to wash and dry between grinds!


Right, I'm going to use a Grey on this particular wagon, as I want it to look like its covered in ballast dust. (notice the stiff "stippling" type brush I use) Place your wagon (or whatever you're weathering) on piece of A4 paper, so it will catch all the powder that won't stick to the wagon, then you can funnel it back into your container. ;-)


So here we go, DIY weathering powders!  :shock:


Stipple liberally all over both sides, axle frames, and headboards. Have another clean dry brush available to brush off the excess powder.


Use the brush to sweep into the middle of the A4 paper


Fold it into a V shape and funnel excess powder into your container............


Ta Daaaaaa! Weathered Wagon complete!


without powders .......



OK some people would now spray a Matt Varnish over the wagon to preserve your work. I don't. Just personal preference. I just don't like the varnish, and should I not like the weathering on any particular wagon, I can wash it off! Try doing THAT with enamels!


There you have it, my dry brush technique for weathering rolling stock.


Good luck with you own efforts, and I hope you may have picked up a few things to help you out.


Cheers - Tony



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research = asking a bloke who knows a bloke who said something vaguely similar to what I wanted to hear! - Tony (aka the Phat Controller)
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 Posted: Fri Sep 27th, 2019 09:25 am
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Ed
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Quick and easy to follow, even I may be able to do this.

Bookmarked for future reference.

Thanks Tony


Ed



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 Posted: Fri Sep 27th, 2019 11:02 am
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xdford
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Well Done Tony... now if I can get a few extra hints and tips to add to the dwindling numbers I have...!  
Cheers from Ocean Grove

Trevor

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 Posted: Sun Sep 29th, 2019 03:34 am
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Phat Controller
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Now that you've seen the technique I use to weather my rolling stock and Loco's, I thought I would share a gallery of completed models I have taken to with my "dry brushing" method.
Weathering a Loco that has cost you more than £100.00 ( AUD$181.85) is a rather daunting prospect, as it is an expensive hobby, and you may be reluctant to "damage" your prized possessions by taking to them with a brush, and I understand, I really do!

I too was wary of doing it. If you're not comfortable taking the brush to your expensive Loco, my advice is - DO NOT DO IT until you have the confidence to tackle it without regret!

Practise on a less expensive Loco, or gain your confidence on some smaller rolling stock, before you tackle your loco.

As I've said Acrylic paint DO wash off, however the longer you leave them on, the harder they are to take off. They come off easier after being applied, so study you work and if you're happy carry on, if not, go to the sink. With your soft toothbrush, start washing off the paint, being careful not to break off any fragile parts of your model (I brush over a bowl or large container that will catch any unfortunate pieces that come loose, otherwise they are lost forever, down the plughole!! :oops:

OK all that being said, here we go ..................

My most recently acquired loco is LIMA Class 50 50043 EAGLE


Class 50 50043 waiting on the through line very mucky after a few days hauling oil tankers through very rough weather

50043 Idling on the up Line



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research = asking a bloke who knows a bloke who said something vaguely similar to what I wanted to hear! - Tony (aka the Phat Controller)
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 Posted: Sun Sep 29th, 2019 03:53 am
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Phat Controller
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Here is an example of what you can achieve with a bit of decal remover and imagination ...........

I bought this PWA Pallet Van off the well known auction site, "as is". It had been weathered, but not to my liking.



So when it arrived in the post, I had a good look at it, and decided I would take it to the extreme, and weather it even more! 


Not by adding paint, but removing it, and adding my own subtle touches.



 

By taking off some paint, and adding a few interesting features (such as painted doors), it's been transformed into a VERY weathered Van and I like it very much! It came out better than I expected.



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research = asking a bloke who knows a bloke who said something vaguely similar to what I wanted to hear! - Tony (aka the Phat Controller)
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